Development of the Space Planning Model
UMBC has created a space modeling tool (“Space Model”) that can illustrate facilities needs based on specific and unique planning variables that represent the actual conditions of the UMBC campus environment and current projections. This model was used to calculate the long range space needs for the campus based upon one particular set of assumptions as described in PROGRAM NEEDS, Enrollment Projections. It is important to note that the facility projections outlined here reflect just one of many possible scenarios.
The UMBC Space Model utilizes thousands of programming variables that best describe the operating practices of all campus departments. This assures the master plan is as programmatically driven as possible. For purposes of the Master Plan Update, campus departmental representatives identified planning variables with the help of third party planning consultants and influenced by national trends and guidelines issued by the Maryland Higher Education Commission.
With this Space Model, building space needs and projections can be formulated under any number of planning scenarios. People, and what activity they perform, drives space requirements. Thus, the impacts of students, faculty, and staff, and what they do (programs) drive the amount of space needed on campus. This planning tool is explained further in the section PROGRAM NEEDS / THE SPACE PLANNING MODEL.
Academic, Administrative and Student Service Space Needs
The space model quantifies current and projected deficits in every space use category. Instructional, research and student life programs are severely limited by these shortages of spaces and facilities. As the campus has grown and the number of programs increased the campus often finds itself limited by the existing number of teaching spaces, including classrooms and labs.
Approximately 67% of the projected space needs for this one scenario are associated with providing or supporting the University’s academic, research, and student life programs. By Fall 2019, it is anticipated the campus will need approximately 136,000 square feet of classrooms, 411,000 square feet of laboratory space, and 438,000 square feet of office space. Space deficits for classrooms, labs and offices total over 207,000 assignable square feet.
The greatest needs for academic and student service space are in special use and general use room-use categories. These include meeting, assembly, athletics, performance and exhibit spaces. Historically, much of this space has been shared by academic units, student life groups, and athletics and recreation programs. The campus has grown to a point that it requires additional space to support these programs. In addition, the campus has current and projected deficits in other specialized room types that are needed to directly support teaching and research activities. These include animal housing and media production. The total deficit for special use and general use spaces is projected at over 192,000 assignable square feet.
Residential Space Needs
Many of the college campuses in the University System of Maryland are ringed by neighborhoods of medium to high-density residential communities affording students off-campus living opportunities. The UMBC campus is situated in an area of established low-density residential development and, subsequently, must provide for the housing demand of students on its campus. This demand for student housing remains strong and the University is committed to providing this essential service to students.
The projected amount of residential space was determined by the need for additional beds to accommodate growth in undergraduate enrollment. To retain its highly residential character, the University plans to continue to provide housing for 40% of its undergraduate population, including 75% of its entering Freshman. This commitment requires an additional 642 beds on campus by 2019. Residential space needs arising from this assumed demand total approximately 132,000 square feet. Click here for a table illustrating Residential Growth Projections.
Recreation and Open Space Needs
UMBC is a dynamic campus requiring additional open spaces that promote interaction, congregation, and assembly. The campus envisions developing new and enhancing existing open spaces to create memorable spaces that foster formal and informal collaboration between faculty, staff, and students. There are varying factors that determine need for exterior open space. The number and types of spaces are driven by academic programs in the health and physical education fields, athletic programs, club sports, intramurals, and general recreation. Outdoor facilities may also be limited to athletics programs only, or developed for scheduled recreational club and intramural use.
The University has recognized that there is a shortage of spaces and facilities for recreation on campus. This deficit is a result of the rapid growth of the residential community on campus.
The University projects a need for:
• multi-purpose fields for soccer, lacrosse, football and rugby;
• a field for softball to replace the one field lost due to the expansion of housing communities;
• additional outdoor tennis and basketball courts;
• additional sand volleyball courts and badminton courts;
In addition, the opportunity exists to create additional facilities for students to recreate informally. These include bike trails through the wooded areas and non-traditional sports like a ropes courses or a disc golf course. Other spaces, located within residential communities can afford opportunities for unscheduled games and activities like horse shoes, bocce ball and ball throwing.