UMBC/CUERE houses a Spatial Analysis Laboratory in the Technology Research Center (TRC) that is a joint venture with the Baltimore Ecosystem Study, Institute for Ecosystem Studies, and USDA Forest Service. The mission of the laboratory is to apply an interdisciplinary approach to advance the understanding of human impacts on the environment through the provision of spatial analysis and data visualization.
The lab is equipped with a robust database and file server, seven GIS work stations, a large format plotter, a large format scanner, GIS and Spatial Analysis Software and data sets for staff, faculty, and student research. CUERE recently upgraded the laboratory with 5 new Dell 690 Precision Workstations. These workstations consist of two 2.6 GHZ Intell Dual Core processors, 4GB of RAM, 500GB of hard drive storage, and dual high resolution flat panel displays.
CUERE also houses an environmental research laboratory to provide dedicated space for intern/extern and graduate student research, a field lab for visiting scientists, a field and laboratory methodology classroom, an experimental and analytical demonstration space; and a soil sample processing area. The lab provides for: soil physical and chemical properties analysis, soil sample processing for external analysis, and water chemistry and quality analysis
The lab is equipped with a ventilation fume hood, drying ovens, furnaces and sink space with large sample processing areas and integrated utilities. It includes storage spaces for equipment, glassware, and lab materials. There is also dedicated bench space and whiteboard for lecture, demonstration and practice. The lab is handicap accessible and has a mudroom for field equipment and clothing.
Under support of NSF and NOAA, a data analysis and visualization laboratory was completed in the Technology Research Center in December 2008 (see photograph below). Included in the hardware for this laboratory are 1 Dell PowerEdge 2950 server connected to a Dell PowerVault MD1000 SATA disk array with 6.5 terabytes of fully mirrored storage, 12 Dell T7400 workstations – each with dual 22 inch widescreen monitors, one HP DesignJet T1000 MFP large format plotter/scanner, and an array of 8 Viewsonic CD4620 46-inch monitors covering approximately 64 square feet and containing approximately 16.6 million pixels.
CUERE owns a SET 510 Total Station, several weather stations, and a
acoustic Doppler velocimeter and a Gurley Pygmy Current Meter (Model
have access to survey-grade GPS equipment through a pending agreement
Dept. of the Environment.
The Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, also located in the TRC, has over 2250 ft^2 of lab space. Labs are equipped with fume hoods, analytical grade water, and chemical resistant countertops. One laboratory has been dedicated to analytical instruments and one room for sample preparation. Basic laboratory equipment includes analytical balances, meters (pH, specific ion probe, DO, conductivity, turbidity, COD), shaking tables, centrifuge, refrigerators, vacuum pumps, drying ovens, UV-VIS spectrophotometer, microscopes, and titrators. Civil and Environmental Engineering has recently completed purchases of major equipment for its labs. The equipment (GC-MS, ICP-MS, IC-MS, spectrophotometer) allows for analysis of a wide range of organic and inorganic constituents in water and soils.
UMBC’s Department of Mathematics and Statistics has available for parallel processing a 64-processor Beowolf cluster “kali”, funded originally by a National Science Foundation SCREMS grant (DMS-0215373). The cluster has 32 dual-processor nodes with Intel Xeon 2.0 GHz CPUs and at least 1 GB of memory per node. A central RAID array with 0.5 TB disk space is available. The nodes are connected by a high-performance Myrinet interconnect with low latency. More detailed information about kali is available at http://www.math.umbc.edu/~gobbert/kali. The tight coupling via the Myrinet interconnect makes the cluster suitable for closely-coupled parallel code involving frequent rapid processor-to-processor communication. At the same time, the number of CPUs available on “kali” allow for efficient extensive parameter studies of serial (or small-scale parallel) code. The cluster is actively being used for both types of parallel applications. UMBC is seeking funds in 2007 via the MRI competition to upgrade and expand this cluster.
UMBC has a state-of-art campus network providing Gigabit network access to all major buildings and research labs and switched ethernet connections to every room. All residential facilities have a dedicated 10 MB connection for each resident student. UMBC provides approximately 500 modems serving the Baltimore/ Washington region. All members of the community have access to high-speed Internet connectivity, a 155MB connection for Internet1 and 155 MB connection for Internet2. Currently, wireless network access is available throughout much of the campus, including the entire New Commons building, which has up to 25 wireless laptops for free, two-hour loans inside the building. In Spring 2004, UMBC was noted as one of the top 25 "wireless" schools by Intel.
Ecosystem Study (BES) LTER Field Site
The main focus area of the test-bed study is the Gwynns Falls watershed, a 171-sq km basin that lies within the Patapsco drainage to the Chesapeake Bay. The watershed was selected in 1997 as part of an urban LTER study site because it is characterized by a gradient of urbanization stretching from downtown Baltimore to the surrounding suburbs, with a few small remnant agricultural areas at the headwaters. Baisman Run, a forested subwatershed in the Gunpowder drainage, serves as a control. The field headquarters of the BES and affiliated USDA Forest Service personnel are housed in the Technology Research Center (TRC) at UMBC, hosted by the Center for Urban Environmental Research and Education (CUERE, http://www.umbc.edu/cuere, C. Welty, Director). UMBC is situated just outside the watershed boundary in Catonsville, MD.
Eleven USGS stream gauges are actively collecting data in the BES study area by USGS in a nested watershed design to span different types of land use and land cover. A network of meteorological stations also is in place. Hydrography, soils, and geology are available for the area in digital form. In addition, a number of spatial-data products from airborne surveys are available that capture landscape physical features at a very fine scale. We have previously purchased LIDAR (Light Image Detection and Ranging) data of the landscape from 2002 that quantify the urban/suburban topography on a 1-m horizontal and 10-cm vertical resolution. Baltimore and Howard Counties have recently acquired new sets of LiDAR data flown in 2005/06 that are available for project use, and Carroll County will take delivery of new LiDAR data in the first quarter of 2007. EMERGE« airborne color-infrared imagery is available that provides a high-resolution aerial photography record. We also have available to us 1-ft resolution orthoimagery for the years 1996, 2000, 2002, 2004, and 2005 from Baltimore County; and from Baltimore City we have 3-in. resolution orthoimagery from 2000 and 1-ft. resolution orthoimagery from 2004. Multi-spectral (4-m resolution) and panchromatic (1-m resolution) IKONOS imagery for Baltimore captured in 2000 is also available.
Rainfall fields covering the entire Gwynns Falls watershed at a 1 km^2 grid scale can be constructed based on NEXRAD weather radar products using the local rain gage network for bias correction. Analyses are based on official National Weather Service rain gages supplemented by rain gage networks maintained by Baltimore City, Baltimore County and BES with radar reflectivity observations from the Sterling, Virginia WSR-88D radar.
USGS MD-DE-DC Water Science Center
In August 2007 the MD-DE-DC Water Science Center moved to UMBC’s campus under a long-term cooperative agreement. The university has constructed a 23,500 sq ft building for USGS. Included in this facility are a wet lab, GIS facilities, an equipment warehouse, and a fleet of 36 field vehicles outfitted for hydrologic monitoring and measurement. 60+ personnel are housed in this building as a nearby technical resource in hydrologic measurement and analysis.
of Ecosystem Studies, NY
The 3,066 square meter (33,000 square feet) Plant Science Building and the 1,254 square meter (13,500 square foot) Gene E. Likens Laboratory house state-of-the-art laboratories for organic and inorganic analyses. A 10,500-volume scientific reference library in the Plant Science Building receives 175 journals and accesses the DIALOG and Current Contents databases; three computer workstations are available for use by library patrons. General computer facilities, a herbarium, and a well-equipped darkroom are located in this building as well, along with administrative offices, a classroom, conference room, and meeting area that provides space for small workshops and conferences. Adjacent to the Plant Science Building is a 150-seat auditorium and teleconferencing center. Other buildings house 1,370 square meters of greenhouse space, cold storage facilities, a lath house and storage buildings, carpentry and mechanical shops. Dormitory facilities are available to house students while in residence. Three renovated farmhouses can accommodate visiting scientists and their families on extended stays.
Analytical facilities at the Institute are state of Čthe art and make possible a wide variety of new as well as ongoing research programs. The IES Analytical Laboratory is serviced by a Laboratory Information Management System (LIMS). Instrumentation includes a Waters HPLC system with controller, photodiode array detector, autosample and Millennium chromatography analysis software; three Shimadzu model GC 8, one Tracor gas chromatograph with thermal conductivity, flame ionization and electron capture detectors; Perkin Elmer Analyst 300 atomic absorption spectrometer with graphite furnace; Perkin Elmer P400 inductively coupled plasma emission spectrometer, and autosampler; Carlo Erba NA 1500 CNS analyzer; three Dionex DX500 ion chromatographs; two high quality Shimadzu UV visible dual beam spectrophotometers; Perkin-Elmer spectrofluorometer and plate reader; Alpkem Flow Solution III Analyzer; Perstorp Analytical EnviroFlow 3000 Analyzer; two Turner Designs fluorometers; micro Kjeldahl analyzer, Shimadzu model 5050C gas analyzer for determination of dissolved and particulate carbon; leaf area meter; optical microscopes; inverted microscope; fluorescence microscopes; glove box; two image analyzers; Rockman L5C-1600 scintillation counter; ultra centrifuge; laminar flowhood; freeze dryer; drying ovens; rotary evaporators; incubators; walk in cold room; Ultra low freezer; muffle furnace; soil processing equipment; electronic balances (including microbalances); pH meters and electrical conductivity meters.
University of North Carolina
The Department of Geography at UNC has a fully equipped GIS and Environmental Modeling Laboratory, including a combination of high end Sun and PC platforms, in excess of 200GB disk storage, tape robots, digitizing tablets, and large scale plotters, as well as access to a UNC Beowulf Cluster, and the North Carolina Supercomputing Center.
The Geomorphology and Sample Processing Laboratory at UNC includes equipment needed for:
• geomorphic surveys (Trimble 3500 Total Station, TopCon AT-6 Auto Levels(3))
• hydraulic measurements (Marsh-McBirney velocity-meter, SonTek 2-D acoustic velocity-meter)
• sediment size analysis (coarse sediment sieves, Ro-Tap shaker, hydrometers, drying ovens, analytical balances)
• fluvial sediment collection (USBLH-84 bedload sediment samplers, DH-48 suspended sediment samplers)
• water samplers (ISCO automated 24-sample collector)
• conservative and solute tracer injections (GeoPump peristaltic pump, FMI Metered peristaltic pump, YSI-55 conductivity meter, Aquafluor field flourometer)
• Dynamax theta probes and TRASE TDR for soil moisture measurements
• Soil Moisture tensiometers