Sampho small barrel drum
The sampho leads the pinn peat ensemble by controlling the tempo and regulating the rhythmic cycles.
The drum-maker creates a barrel-shaped drum by hollowing out a single block of wood, stretching calfskin heads on each end, and tightening the heads with gut or sometimes strips of rattan. He makes one head larger than the other and applies to each head a circular-shaped tuning paste made of rice and ashes.
A drummer selects from a combination of four
basic strokes for the drum version of the rhythic cycle, an open
stroke for each head and a closed one for each head. Each of the four sounds
has a Cambodian name. My rendition of one rhythmic
cycle uses three of the four sounds.