Public Policy (PUBL)
Department of Public Policy
DONALD F. NORRIS, Chair and Graduate Program Director
ADLER, MARINA A., Ph.D. (Sociology and Anthropology), University of Maryland, College Park; Social science methodology and statistics, cross-national gender, work and family issues, the welfare state and social policy in international perspective
BRENNAN, TIMOTHY J., Ph.D. (Public Policy and Economics), University of Wisconsin, Madison; Anti-trust regulation, electricity markets, telecommunications and broadcast policy, copyright, philosophy of economics
BRADLEY, MICHAEL, Ph.D., (Economics) Cornell University; History of economic thought, comparative economic systems
CARPENTER, ROBERT, Ph.D. (Economics), Washington University; Macroeconomics, monetary economics, industrial organization, theory of the firm
COATES, DENNIS, Ph.D. (Economics), University of Maryland, College Park; Public economics, econometrics
ECKERT, J. KEVIN, Ph.D. (Sociology and Anthropology), Northwestern University; Environmental gerontology, medical anthropology, aging services management and delivery, residential care/long-term care quality, qualitative research
FARROW, SCOTT, Ph.D. (Economics), Washington State University; Industrial organization, environmental economics and risk analysis
GINDLING, T. H. JR., Ph.D. (Economics), Cornell University; Economic development
JOHNSON, ARTHUR T., Ph.D. (Political Science), State University of New York, Buffalo; Public administration, personnel, housing policy, sports policy
LAMDIN, DOUGLAS, Ph.D. (Economics), University of Maryland, College Park; Corporate finance, managerial economics
LANOUE, GEORGE R., Ph.D. (Public Policy and Political Science), Yale University; education policy (K-12 and higher), constitutional law and policy (civil rights and 1st Amendment), public procurement policy
MANDELL, MARVIN B., Ph.D. (Public Policy), Northwestern University; Program and policy evaluation, evidence-based policymaking
MARCOTTE, DAVE E., Ph.D. (Public Policy), University of Maryland, College Park; Research methods and statistics, social policy, labor markets and job training, mental health policy
MATON, KENNETH I., Ph.D. (Psychology), University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign; Minority student achievement, empowering community settings, strengths-based psychology research and policy, community psychology of religion
MCCONNELL, VIRGINIA D., Ph.D. (Economics), University of Maryland, College Park; Environmental economics, regional economics
MEYERS, ROY T., Ph.D. (Political Science), University of Michigan; American politics, budgeting, public administration and policy
MILLER, NANCY A., Ph.D. (Public Policy), University of Chicago; Health policy, health care financing, health care evaluation
MORGAN, LESLIE A., Ph.D. (Sociology and Anthropology), University of Southern California; Aging, gender, family, seniorsí housing
NORRIS, DONALD F., Ph.D. (Public Policy), University of Virginia; Urban and metropolitan politics, public management, information systems in public organizations (including electronic government)
ROTHSTEIN, WILLIAM G., Ph.D. (Sociology and Anthropology), Cornell University; Medical sociology, history of medicine, sociology of occupations and professions
RUBINSTEIN, ROBERT L., Ph.D. (Sociology and Anthropology), Bryn Mawr College; Cultural and medical anthropology, anthropology of aging, gerontology, gender, qualitative research methods
SALKEVER, DAVID S., Ph.D. (Public Policy), Harvard University; Health economics, economics of mental health, disability studies, economics and behavior of nonprofit organizations
SHORT, JOHN RENNIE, Ph.D. (Public Policy), University of Bristol, UK; Urban issues, globalization and the city, the megalopolis, urban theory, land use planning
STUART, MARY, SCI.D. (Sociology and Anthropology), The Johns Hopkins University; Public health, health systems research, evaluation
TAKACS, WENDY, Ph.D. (Economics), The Johns Hopkins University; International economics, international trade
DAVIS, JEFFREY, Ph.D. (Political Science), Georgia State University; Public law and American politics
KARS, MARJOLEINE, Ph.D. (History), Duke University; United States colonial, Atlantic world, American women's history
KING-MEADOWS, TYSON, Ph.D. (Political Science), University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill; Congress, African-American politics, electoral behavior
MESSINGER, SETH D., Ph.D. (Sociology and Anthropology), Columbia University; Medical anthropology, anthropology of cities, anthropology of North America, psychiatry, trauma, social organization of medical work
MILLER, CHERYL M., Ph.D. (Public Policy and Political Science), University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill; Agenda-setting and policy formulation, bureaucratic politics, African-American political participation, political labeling and symbolic politics
RITSCHEL, DANIEL, Ph.D. (History), Oxford; Great Britain, economic and social policy, historiography SCHUMACHER, JOHN G., Ph.D. (Sociology and Anthropology), Case Western Reserve University; Medical sociology, physician-patient relations, bioethics, research methods
TATAREWICZ, JOSEPH N., Ph.D. (History), Indiana University; History of science and technology, science and technology policy and public history
CINYABUGUMA, MATTHIAS M., Ph.D. (Economics), Brown University; Economic growth, applied economic theory, applied econometrics, economic development
DICKSON, LISA, Ph.D. (Economics), University of Texas at Austin; Labor economics, economics of education, econometrics
HUSSEY, LAURA, Ph.D. (Political Science), University of Maryland, College Park; Social welfare and morality policy, public opinion on policy issues, American public policy, politics, and administration
KALFOGLOU, ANDREA L., Ph.D. (Sociology and Anthropology), The Johns Hopkins University; Bioethics, public health ethics, reproductive policy and ethics, genetics policy and ethics, research ethics, public engagement in science and policymaking
KIRK, ADELE, Ph.D. (Public Policy), UCLA; Health economics, labor economics, and quantitative methods; private health insurance markets, the relationship between socioeconomic status and health, work disability
MA, BING, Ph.D. (Economics), UCLA; Labor economics, health economics, applied econometrics and applied microeconomics
VIAUROUX, CHRISTELLE, Ph.D. (Economics), University of Toulouse, France; Theoretical and applied econometrics, structural applied microeconomics, structural applied game theory, microeconomics
YUAN, CHUNMING, Ph.D. (Economics), UCLA; International economics/finance, financial economics, econometrics
ZEEMERING, ERIC, Ph.D. (Public Policy), Indiana University; public management, intergovernmental relations and urban policy
Master of Public Policy (M.P.P.) and Ph.D.
The Department of Public Policy offers a graduate program designed for highly motivated individuals who wish to pursue advanced studies in public policy and public policy analysis. The program is interdisciplinary, drawing from economics, sociology, political science and the policy analysis field, with an emphasis on the public sector and training in evaluation and analytical methods. In addition to a common core curriculum, students choose a concentration in a specific policy area or social science discipline. The policy concentration options are: evaluation and analytical methods, educational policy, health policy, public management, and urban policy. Students may also choose from two disciplinary concentrations: economics and policy history (Ph.D. only).
The student body includes full-time and part-time students. Mid-career students are an important component of the program. Nearly all our courses are offered in the evening to permit students who work to pursue their degrees.
The public policy degree prepares students for positions in a variety of fields, including policy analysis, high-level administration, research, consulting and teaching. The curriculum provides students with an understanding of the policymaking process and the forces affecting it. Students are taught the basic tools and concepts for analyzing public policy, including the logic of policy analytic thinking; the ability to comprehend and make use of relevant social science research, theories and concepts; an understanding of research methodology and quantitative and qualitative research techniques; and the appropriate and effective use of these techniques in policy research and analysis.
The M.P.P degree requires the completion of 37 credit hours, including the writing of a policy analysis paper. M.P.P. students without relevant professional experience are required to participate in an internship. Students take five interdisciplinary core courses: PUBL 603: Theory and Practice of Policy Analysis; PUBL 600: Research Methodology; PUBL 604: Statistical Analysis; PUBL 613: Managing Public Organizations; and PUBL 623: Governmental Budgeting. One course in each of the foundation disciplines (economics, political science and sociology) is also required. Students complete their studies by taking four other courses in one of the departmentís policy areas or disciplinary concentrations. A thesis is optional. If a thesis is written, it replaces three credits of required course work in the policy concentration and the policy analysis paper. The masterís program was reaccredited by the National Association of Schools of Public Affairs and Administration in 2009.
Students seeking the Ph.D degree must pass comprehensive and field examinations, and write and defend a dissertation. Each doctoral student plans an individual curriculum with his or her advisor. Typically, a student without a recent and relevant masterís degree takes 48 hours of course work, plus 18 hours of dissertation research. The 48 hours of formal course work normally includes the six core courses, one course in each of the three foundation disciplines (economics, political science and sociology), five courses in an area of concentration and two relevant elective courses. Students with appropriate previous training may complete their course work with fewer credits required.
Combined B.A./Masterís in Public Policy
The Accelerated Pathways Program provides a way for UMBC undergraduates with strong academic records to begin taking graduate level courses toward the M.P.P. degree in their senior year. In conjunction with the studentís undergraduate and public policy advisors, a student may be able to apply up to five graduate level courses taken as an undergraduate toward the M.P.P. degree. By taking advantage of this option, a UMBC undergraduate can reduce the time to obtain the M.P.P. by as much as a year. UMBC undergraduates interested in enrolling in the B.A. /M.P.P. combined program should apply for admission by the second semester of their junior year.
M.A. in Economic Policy Analysis
The Departments of Public Policy and Economics offer a joint M.A. in Economic Policy Analysis (ECPA). The course of study combines a multi-disciplinary approach to policy analysis, with a focus on the use of economic tools to analyze policy issues. See the Economic Policy Analysis program description contained in this catalog.
The Department of Public Policy offers programs jointly with the University of Maryland School of Law leading to both the J.D. /M.P.P. and J.D. /Ph.D. degrees. A comparable J.D. /Ph.D. program also exists with the University of Baltimore School of Law. Students may enter the joint program after enrolling in both UMBC and one of the law schools. Public policy students may enter a law school program no later than upon completion of the second year in the M.P.P. or Ph.D. program, but they are urged to do so following the first year. The University of Maryland School of Law will accept nine credits from the public policy degree toward the J.D. degree for students enrolled in the joint M.P.P. /J.D. The UMBC Graduate School, through the Department of Public Policy, will accept up to six credits from the law school toward the M.P.P. degree. The advisor for the joint program at the law school and an advisor designated by the Department of Public Policy must approve each studentís schedule.
The University of Baltimore School of Law or University of Maryland School of Law will accept nine credits from the public policy Ph.D. degree toward the J.D. degree. The UMBC Graduate School, through the Department of Public Policy, will accept up to 18 credits from the law school. However, because of the course requirements for the public policy field examination, it is unlikely that more than 12 to 15 credits from the law school actually will transfer toward the Ph.D. degree.
The Department of Public Policy also offers combined degree programs with the University of Maryland School of Medicine (M.D. /M.P.P. and M.D. /Ph.D.). The Department of Public Policy will accept up to six credits from the School of Medicine/M.P.H. courses toward the M.D. /M.P.P. and up to 12 credits from the School of Medicine curriculum toward the M.D. /Ph.D. To be considered for admission in either of these combined programs, students must first be enrolled in the School of Medicine, and then apply for admission to the M.P.P. or Ph.D. program.
For the articulated M.P.A./Ph.D., qualified students in the University of Baltimoreís Master of Public Administration (M.P.A.) program may apply for admission to the Public Policy Ph.D. program while enrolled in the M.P.A. If admitted, they can count certain M.P.A. courses toward the public management concentration of the Ph.D., and likewise take UMBC public policy courses that may transfer back to the University of Baltimoreís M.P.A. program, thus reducing the total number of courses taken at each campus.
Applicants to the Department of Public Policy must submit an application and fee, official transcripts of previous academic work, three letters from professors (preferably) or others who can speak to the studentís academic performance and potential for success in graduate school, a statement of goals, a rťsumť, and scores from the Graduate Record Examination (GRE). International students must also provide scores from the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL). All original documents should be sent to the UMBC Graduate School. Admission decisions are based on the studentís undergraduate and graduate academic record, test scores, recommendations from professors, the match between the studentís interests and the programís curriculum and the likelihood that the student will complete the program successfully. Applicants to the M.P.P. should hold or be nearing completion of a bachelorís degree. Many successful applicants for the Ph.D. already hold a masterís degree, but applications for the Ph.D. without a masterís degree will be considered.
Applications for admission to the Ph.D. must be received by January 15 for the consideration for the following fall semester. Apllications for admission to the M.P.P. for the fall semester must be received no later than April 1 of that year. International applicants must apply by the deadlines set forth by the Graduate School: January 1 for fall semester and May 1 for the spring semester. Non-degree seeking applicants must apply by July 15 for the fall semester and by December 15 for the spring semester.
Candidates for the joint J.D./M.P.P. or J.D./Ph.D. programs, the combined degree program with the University of Maryland School of Medicine (M.D./M.P.P. and M.D./Ph.D.), and the articulated M.P.A./Ph.D. with the University of Baltimore must apply for admission to each school separately and meet each schoolís admission criteria.
For further information, contact Sally Helms, administrator of academic affairs, Department of Public Policy, 1000 Hilltop Circle, Baltimore, MD 21250. Phone: 410-455-3202; fax: 410-455-1172; e-mail: email@example.com
Facilities and Special Resources
The department has its own computer laboratory. Students may have the opportunity to assist in the policy-related research projects of the Maryland Institute for Policy Analysis and Research, The Hilltop Institute and the Center for Urban Environmental Research and Education. Students also have opportunities to conduct joint research projects with faculty.
Recent graduates hold positions in federal agencies such as Defense, Education, Environmental Protection, Homeland Security, Health and Human Services, Housing and Urban Development, Justice, Social Security, Management and Budget, and the National Institutes of Health; state agencies such as Health and Mental Hygiene, Legislative Services and the Maryland Higher Education Commission; county and city governments; nonprofit organizations such as The Associated, the Annie E. Casey Foundation, Kaiser Family Foundation, and research organizations such as AbtAssociates, Impaq International, Macro International, Optimal Solutions, and Westat.
Other graduates are employed as faculty and administrators in community and four-year colleges and universities, and as hospital administrators and staff of medical associations. Several recent graduates have obtained Presidential Management and Governorís Policy Fellowships.
The Department of Public Policy provides financial assistance in the form of graduate assistantships. These assistantships are awarded on a competitive basis. Students awarded graduate assistantships must be enrolled full-time. The Maryland Institute for Policy Analysis and Research, the Hilltop Institute, and the Center for Urban Environmental Research and Education also support graduate students through externally funded grants and research projects. In addition, support is available through co-op programs, internships, work-study and other arrangements. Students may also be supported on faculty membersí research grants and contracts.
UMBC also funds returning Peace Corps volunteers for graduate work through the Shriver Peaceworker Program. Several public policy students enroll annually in this program.
Students seeking to study full time should consult the Graduate School Catalog and the UMBC Office of Financial Aid for details about the variety of other scholarships, grants and loans available. Students who work full time should check with their employers about tuition assistance. Doctoral students are encouraged, but not required, to devote at least two semesters to full-time study. UMBC attempts to finds ways to make that financially possible, including one-semester dissertation fellowships.
Public Policy Courses
Research Methodology 
A course designed to advance graduate studentsí knowledge of the field of scientific modes of inquiry and analysis and to familiarize them with research methods and techniques. Prerequisites: Evidence of an undergraduate level of understanding of research methods and consent of instructor.
Political and Social Context of the Policy Process 
This course is designed to introduce students to the processes by which policy is made in the United States. It introduces students to the policymaking system, including the institutional, structural and political contexts, as well as the policymaking environment. The various stages of the policymaking process from problem definition and agenda-setting to implementation are examined and discussed, and important theories and models of policymaking are presented. Significant concepts relating to the political analysis of public policy are discussed, such as the social construction of problems, group demands, political influence and resources, motivations and incentive for political behavior and political feasibility. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.
Theory and Practice of Policy Analysis 
An overview of the basic principles and elements of policy analysis. The course focuses on the activities and elements of policy analysts. In addition, the relationship between policy analysis and policymaking, along with emerging professional and ethical issues, are addressed. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.
Statistical Analysis 
An introduction to the concepts and methods of descriptive and inferential statistical techniques. Bivariate and multivariate statistical techniques are discussed. Note: Also listed as SOCY 604. Consent of instructor.
The Politics and Administration of Program Evaluation 
An examination of the political and organizational processes affecting the conduct of program evaluation and the impact of evaluation on decision-making. Means of increasing the use of evaluation in decision-making are analyzed.
Statistical Applications in Evaluation Research 
Advanced course in analyzing and evaluating data. Focuses on interpreting statistical procedures for assessing the impact of programs and policies based on a variety of experimental and quasi-experimental designs, including true experiments, non-equivalent control group designs and interrupted time-series designs. Consent of instructor.
Applied Multivariate Regression - An Introduction 
An introduction to the practical application of widely used basic multivariate regression techniques. Experience in the use of these techniques is provided through hands-on exercises and the preparation of an original regression analysis of real-world data in an area of interest selected by the student. Methods covered include multiple linear regression, models with binary dependent variables, analysis of pooled data, and methods for assessing and comparing the performance of alternative models. Rather than focusing on the mechanics of regression computation, the course emphasizes the basic concepts involved in constructing and estimating regression models, and in interpreting their results. Consent of instructor.
Social Science Approaches to Policy Analysis 
A methodological examination of the contributions, complementarities and conflicts among the economic, political science and sociological approaches to policy analysis. Focuses on the nature of questions each discipline can answer by looking at their methods and limitations. Fundamental assumptions, theories, perspectives and policy recommendations are discussed.
Special Topics in Public Policy 
Topics selected on the basis of the background and interests of the faculty member and students.
Water in the Urban Environment 
This course is designed for first-year graduate students who have been awarded Integrative Graduate Education Research and Training (IGERT) fellowships on the theme of "Water in the Urban Environment" and is intended to provide an overview of topics related to the broad themes of the program. The syllabus will focus on the environmental, engineering, economic, and policy aspects of water management in urban areas and will address the impacts of urban development on hydrology, geomorphology, water quality and aquatic ecology. The course is team-taught by faculty from Geography and Environmental Systems, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Economics, and Public Policy. There will be several field trips outside of regularly scheduled class time. Consent of instructor.
Causal Inference in Program Evaluation 
Surveys methods for identifying causal relationships in evaluation and policy research. The course considers the use of randomized experiments as well as a number of quasi-experimental research designs. Topics include matching techniques, panel data estimation, instrumental variables, discontinuity designs, and selection correction. Consent of instructor.
Managing Public Organizations 
The purpose of this course is to introduce students to the world of public management. More specifically, it focuses on who public managers are, what they do, the environments within which they operate, the tasks they perform and the roles they play in their organizations. In addition to the assigned textbook and readings, the course is case-based. That is, principles elucidated in readings are expanded from the ďreal worldĒ of public management.
The Economics of Law 
Applies economic theory and reasoning to the classification and evaluation of legal doctrines and practices. Primary areas include property, torts, liability and contracts. Students look at the economics of the legal process, including selection of cases for trial, rules of evidence, criminal procedure and plea-bargaining. The course covers policy areas such as zoning, public utilities, environmental law, copyright and the First Amendment. Critical appraisal of efficiency as a legal standard is emphasized. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. Prior exposure to microeconomics is helpful, but not necessary.
Issues in Healthcare Finance and Service Delivery 
The purpose of this course is threefold: (1) to provide an overview of the concepts, principles and practices in healthcare finance and service delivery in the United States; (2) to understand the relationship between public and private-sector finance and service delivery of healthcare; and (3) to examine recent trends in healthcare payment and service delivery, including healthcare reform efforts.
Governmental Budgeting 
The budget as a means of financial control, management and policymaking. The politics of the budgetary process.
Theories of Public Administration 
An examination of classic and contemporary literature on public administration. Some consideration of foreign models of public administration is included.
Law, Politics and American Education Policy  Examination of the way in which the political process creates and implements educational policy. Topics include school integration, studentsí rights and academic freedom, religion and education, federal legislation and regulation, politics of higher education, school finance, collective bargaining, urban school governance and school decentralization.
Health Law 
An overview of the major legal issues confronting health professionals and policymakers. Subjects include liability, business associations, Medicare/Medicaid fraud and abuse, payment systems, anti-trust, joint ventures, hospital privileges and certificates of need.
Urban Theory 
This course reviews the main debates in urban theory. Topics include regime theory, economic theories of the city and social theories of urbanization.
The U.S. City 
This course examines the issues currently affecting metropolitan U.S. and evaluates current urban policies.
The Global City 
This course examined the global urban system with particular attention focused on the global urban hierarchy, third world urbanization and the connections between urbanization and globalization.
Urban Issues and Problems 
This course is designed to provide students with an understanding of the nature and causes of urban problems and the ability to analyze and understand these problems and policies addressed to them. It covers the logic of urban policy analysis (e.g., how to analyze urban problems and policies); urban trends, conditions and processes; the role of the city in the regional and national economies; city-suburban policy interactions; and local and national urban policies. The last part of the course focuses on specific urban problems and policies (e.g., poverty, education, crime, housing and economic development).
Cities and Environmental Issues 
This course examines the most important urban environmental issues and evaluates the main urban environmental policies.
Urban Politics 
This is a survey course about urban and metropolitan politics. It addresses such issues as urbanization and suburbanization; power and bias in urban America; structural issues of urban government; urban policies and policymaking; the management of urban areas; financing urban governments; and various contemporary urban political, social, economic and environmental topics. The course is designed to provide students with a broad theoretical and practical understanding of urban politics, policymaking and issues.
Politics of Health 
This course examines how health policies reflect the political system in which they are enacted and implemented. It introduces concepts, theories and literature concerning the development of the U.S. healthcare system and the contemporary agendas and actions of the federal and state governments. It applies political dimensions to policy issues such as access to insurance and health services, cost containment, disease and injury prevention and initiatives for healthcare reform.
Policy Networks and Intergovernmental Problems 
Complex public policy problems draw in the involvement of a wide range of governmental and nongovernmental organizations. Governmental agencies increasingly rely on cooperative or contract relations with private and non-profit organizations to deliver services to the public. Public agencies now frequently coordinate their efforts to address multiple dimension of a public problem at the same time. Students of public policy must be aware of how public problem solving occurs in a multi-organizational context. This class prepares student to work in or conduct research on public management networks, contract relationships, and collaborative efforts. Topics covered include the foundations for multi-organizational collaboration, design and evaluation of public management network, and privatization and the management of contract relationships.
The Public Policy Internship Course is designed to augment the student's academic activities in the master's program. The internship provides a realistic exposure to an organizational environment for students who do not possess revelant work experience. Through the internship, the student will apply the methodological and analytic skills acquired in the classroom in a public, for profit, or nonprofit organization. Prerequisite: Completion of five courses in the public policy master's program. Must be a M.P.P. student to enroll.
Policy Analysis Paper 
Required policy analysis paper for MPP degree. Consent of instructor.
Doctoral Research Seminar 
This seminar provides training in policy analysis for students working collectively and individually on research problems.
Individual Study in Public Policy [1-3]
Independent reading for masterís students supervised by a member of the public policy faculty. Note: Intended for students who desire to study independently an aspect of public policy that is not covered by the regular course offerings. May be repeated for credit. A particular faculty member must agree to supervise the study before a student may register for this course. Prerequisites: Consent of instructor and track advisor.
Masterís Thesis Research [2-9]
Six credit hours are required of students selecting the thesis option.
Individual Study in Public Policy [1-3]
Independent reading for doctoral students, supervised by a member of the public policy faculty. Note: A particular faculty member must agree to supervise the study before a student may register for this course. May be repeated for credit. Intended for students who desire to study independently an aspect of public policy that is not covered by the regular course offerings. Prerequisites: Consent of instructor and track advisor.
Pre-Doctoral Dissertation Research [3-9]
Research on doctoral dissertation conducted under the direction of a faculty advisor before candidacy. Consent of instructor.
Doctoral Dissertation Research 
Research on doctoral dissertation under direction of faculty advisor. Note: A minimum of 18 credit hours of doctoral dissertation research is required for the doctoral degree. Consent of instructor.
The following courses are offered by other departments for public policy students and are used to fulfill the disciplinary core requirements.
Policy Consequences of Economic Analysis 
A course in political economy dealing with the implications and consequences for policy outcomes of different models of economic analysis, including an introduction to microeconomic theory. Note: May not be counted toward the concentration in economics.
Microeconomic Analysis 
A course in graduate-level microeconomic theory. This course presents the theory and analytical methods needed to bring economic analysis to bear on policy issues. Topics include theories of consumer and firm behavior, market failure and the role of government in regulating the economy. Analytical techniques include optimization, game theory, duality and dynamic optimization. Prerequisites: Intermediate undergraduate microeconomics, multivariate calculus and linear algebra (the last two prerequisites can be satisfied by taking ECON 490).
Social Inequality and Social Policy 
This course examines poverty and inequality in modern society. The focus is on describing the extent of poverty and inequality, examining the theories that attempt to explain these phenomena and discussing the policies that have been employed to mitigate them. In addition to class inequality, the course considers racial and sexual inequality.
Graduate level courses from other graduate programs offered by the University of Maryland Baltimore County, such as Education, Economics, Information Systems, History, Psychology and Sociology, as well as courses at other campuses within the University System of Maryland may be used to complete concentration requirements. Students should refer to the Public Policy Graduate Student Handbook for a more complete listing of relevant courses.