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Social and environmental correlates of bidi cigarettes: Current occasional and regular use
by Malson, Jennifer L., University of Maryland Baltimore County, 2004

Smoking a type of alternative cigarette, called a Bidi, is a popular past time among a subpopulation of adolescents, both those who smoke conventional cigarettes as well as those who do not. The current study was conducted to determine whether significant differences exist between adolescent Bidi and Conventional cigarette smokers on traditional risk and protective factors associated with Conventional cigarette smoking. Secondary analysis of data was performed on a statewide adolescent dataset using a subsample of 6,593 adolescents to address this research question. Adolescents were classified based on their pattern of smoking and the type of cigarette smoked into 4 study groups: Occasional and Regular Bidi Smokers and Occasional and Regular Conventional smokers. Multivariate and univariate analyses of covariance and chi-square analyses were conducted to examine differences between the study groups on social and environmental correlates. Study results indicated that Bidi smokers reported less overall exposure to social and environmental influences than Conventional smokers, regardless of their pattern of smoking. Bidi smokers did differ on intentions relating to Tobacco-related Merchandise, such that Occasional Bidi smokers reported greater intentions than Regular Bidi smokers. In general, these findings suggest that Bidi smokers may not be as vulnerable to common risk and protective factors associated with Conventional smoking. Future research is needed to better characterize this niche group of adolescents as identification of unique risk and protective factors associated with Bidi smoking could lead to a reduction in the occasional and regular use of Bidi cigarettes.