Assessment Resource Center for History
Examples of summative assessment items include constructed response items, such as document-based questions, essays, and research projects, as well as selected response items in the form of traditional and weighted multiple-choice questions.
- Constructed Response Items
- Items that typically require students to construct a written response to a question or prompt.
- Formative Assessments
- Ongoing checks on student understanding to inform instruction and provide feedback to students.
- History Labs
- Classroom investigations of an overarching or essential question about an event, person, or concept in history. Students use multiple primary and secondary sources to develop their interpretations. Evidence-based interpretations are presented to support conclusions and respond to the overarching question.
- Performance Tasks
- The application of student understanding in the context of a performing real or authentic task.
- Selected Response Items
- Items in which students select from a range of possible answers; examples include multiple choice, true/false, weighted multiple choice, true/false, multiple true/false, matching, and fill in the blank (with word bank).
- Summative Assessments
- Cumulative instructional evaluations of overall student achievement to measure mastery.
- Traditional Multiple-Choice Items
- Multiple-choice items that consist of a stem (typically a question or incomplete statement) and four possible responses, only one of which is correct.
- Weighted Multiple-Choice Items
- Multiple-choice items in which there are several possible choices that are weighted according to accuracy and defensibility.